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17 performance index of the fiber Detailed (a)

Published Time:2011.12.20 News source:DANYANG SHUANGCHENG MICRO-FIBRE WARE CO.,LTD. Views No.

An abrasion fastness

    The abrasion fastness refers to the ability to resist the wear of friction, its help to improve the durability of the fabric. By a high breaking strength and abrasion fastness, good fiber clothing can wear for a long time, and will be wearing for a long time before the emergence of signs of wear.

    Nylon is widely used in a sports jacket, such as ski jackets, soccer T-shirt. This is particularly good because of its strength and abrasion fastness. Acetate because of its excellent drape and low-cost, often used for the lining of the coat and jacket. However, due to the abrasion resistance of acetate, corresponding wear jacket outer layer of fabric lining wear or the ion of the hole.

    Two absorbent

    The absorbent is hygroscopic capacity, it is usually moisture regain said. Fiber absorbent dry fiber at a temperature of 70 ° F (equivalent to 21 ° C), relative humidity of 65% under standard conditions of air to absorb moisture percentage.

    The easy-absorbent fibers called hydrophilic fiber. All natural plant and animal fibers and two man-made fibers - viscose fibers and acetate fibers hydrophilic fibers. Absorbent difficult or can only absorb a small amount of water fiber called hydrophobic fibers. In addition to viscose fiber, Lyocell fiber, acetate fiber, all man-made fibers are hydrophobic fibers. The glass fibers do not absorb water, and other fibers are usually only 4 percent or lower moisture regain.

    Fiber absorbent affect many aspects of applications, including:

    Skin comfort: poor due to water absorption, the flow of sweat caused by cold and wet feeling.

    ● Electrostatic: along with the hydrophobic fiber clothes adhesion and sparking will occur, because almost no water to help the evacuation of charged particles accumulate in the surface of the fibers, and dust because of static electricity was brought to the fiber and adhesion on.

    ● After the dimensional stability after washing: washing, hydrophobic fiber contraction than the hydrophilic fibers to be small, fiber rarely expansion, which is one of the reasons for fabric shrinkage.

    Decontamination: easily from hydrophilic fibers to remove stains, because the fiber will detergent and water at the same time inhalation.

    ● Water Repellency: hydrophilic fibers are usually to be more and refuse to water and durable post-processing, because such a chemical treatment allows these fibers to water repellency better.

    Fold reply: hydrophobic fibers usually have a good fold replies, especially after the laundry after, because they do not absorb water, does not swell and dry in the fold state.

    Three chemical reaction

    Textile processing (such as dyeing, finishing) and family / professional care or clear (such as soap, bleach and dry cleaning solvents, etc.), fiber is generally in contact with chemicals. The types of chemicals, the intensity and duration determine the degree of influence on the fiber. Understanding of chemicals of different fiber is very important and should be directly related to the care needed in cleaning it.

    Fibers have different reactions to chemicals. For example, the acid resistance of the cotton fiber is relatively low, and alkali resistance, very good. In addition, the cotton fabric will be lost after chemical resin durable press finishing a little strong.

    Four cover

    Coverage refers to the ability to fill a range.

Crude fiber or curly fibers than fine, straight fiber textile cover better. The fabric is warm, feel full, and requires less fiber can be woven.

    The wool fiber is widely used in winter clothing, because it curl to the fabric provides excellent coverage and ion of a large number of still air in the fabric, these still air relative to the external air-conditioned isolation. Covered by the fiber effectiveness depends on its cross sectional shape, the vertical structure and weight.

    Five elastic

    Flexibility refers to the increase in length under tension (extension) and the release of the ability to return to the rock state in the external (recovery). Elongation when the external force in the fiber or fabric can make people feel more comfortable clothes, and joints caused by stress is relatively small. Also improve the fracture strength. Full response can help in the cubital tunnel or knee fabric baggy, thereby preventing the garment to produce relaxation of deion.

    Elongation of at least 100% of the fiber known as the elastic fibers. Spandex fibers (Spandex also called Lycra, China belong to this type of fiber called spandex) and rubber fiber. These elastic fibers in elongated, almost strong recovery to its original length.

    Six environmental conditions

    The impact of environmental conditions on the fiber is different. Fiber and end the fabric how to react to exposure, storage is very important. Here are some examples:

    ● wool garments need when stored in anti-moth-eaten, because they are easy to wool moth invasion of food.

    ● nylon and silk long-term exposure to the sun, the intensity will drop, so they usually do not have to made curtains and doors and windows.

    ● The cotton fiber is very easy to mold, so it can not be stored in a humid environment for a long time.

    Seven flammability

    Flammability refers to the ability of objects ignited or burning. This is a very important feature, because people's lives are always surrounded by a variety of textiles. We know that clothing or indoor furniture because of its flammability, consumers will cause serious injury and caused significant material damage.

    Fiber is usually divided into flammable, non-flammable, flame-retardant:

    ● flammable fiber is easy to be ignited and sustained combustion of the fiber.

    ● non-flammable fiber refers to the relatively high burning point, the burning speed is relatively slow, self-extinguishing fiber in the evacuation of the combustion sources.

    ● flame retardant fiber refers to fiber will not be burning.

    Ignitable fibers made of flame-retardant fibers can organize or to change the fiber parameters. For example, conventional polyester is flammable Trevira (Trevira) polyester treated with a flame retardant.

    Eight soft

    The softness of the fiber easy to repeated bending without breaking performance. The soft fibers such as acetate fiber can support made good drape fabric and clothing. Rigid fibers such as glass fiber can not be used for making clothing, but can be used in decorative need relatively starched fabric. Usually the fibers are finer, the better the drape. The softness also affects the feel of the fabric.

    Often require the drape of the fabric, but sometimes need a starched fabric. For example, in a cloak of garment (clothes hanging on the shoulder and inside out), the stiffness of the fabric to achieve the required shape.

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